GranolaGirlVitamins.com Nutrients, Vitamins and Minerals Glossary
Acetyl L-carnitine: Acetyl L- carnitine is a nutrient that our bodies make from the amino acid L-carnitine and was originally called vitamin Bt. This is naturally found in meats (especially red meats), poultry, fish, dairy and some vegetables such as asparagus. This is a derivative of the amino acid L-carnitine and is thought to be more readily available biologically and has improved absorption compared to standard L-carnitine. Research has indicated that this form of L-carnitine helps to support cardiovascular health, good metabolism, facilitates balance blood glucose levels, contributes to better blood pressure levels, defends cells against oxidation by scavenging free radicals and nutritionally sustains proper brain function. Unlike the other forms of carnitine, acetyl L-carnitine has been shown to move from the blood stream into the brain tissue and thus making it an ideal brain antioxidant.
Alpha Lipoic Acid: Alpha Lipoic Acid is a versatile antioxidant used by every cell in the body for the production of energy. It is manufactured in abundance in young, healthy and well nourished bodies. This nutrient does not have any traditional uses because it has been uncovered through scientific processes. It can also be found in some foods including organ meats such as the heart and liver. Additionally it is found in vegetables including broccoli and spinach. Moreover, because it is soluble in both water and fat it is able to easily cross from the blood stream into the brain. Therefore its antioxidant properties extend to the most vital organ in our bodies, our brain. Research shows that it enhances glutathione activity, protects vitamins E and C, supports healthy aging in brain function, could contribute to the prevention of diabetes, protects from cardiovascular disease, heart failure and hypertension, contributes to weight reduction, lower blood pressure, and provides neuro-protection. Furthermore it is also thought to control free radicals and repair damaged cholesterol.
Astaxanthin (from Red Algae): Astaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant and carotenoid found in a wide range of organisms from red algae to salmon (this is actually what makes salmon pink). There are not traditional uses for Astaxanthin specifically because it is a component of red algae that has been discovered through scientific investigation. However, algae and seaweeds have been utilized for centuries around the world for various ailments and for things such as gardening. The Irish, for example, used to do something called "Kelping" which fertilized their gardens and fields with kelp. Seaweeds and algae were traditionally utilized medicinally for things like respiratory illnesses, as an antiviral and in ancient Egypt algae was used for cosmetics such as eye shadow. Astaxanthin is related in lutein and is found in carrots, broccoli, yellow squash, tomatoes, microalgae, yeast, salmon, trout, krill, shrimp, red algae and other seafood. This antioxidant belongs to a class of phytonutrients called carotenoids. Like many carotenoids, it is a colorful, fat-soluble pigment but has significantly greater antioxidant capacity than other carotenoids and much more than vitamin E. While some carotenoids are converted to vitamin A inside the human body astaxanthin is not. Research indicates that astaxanthin provides support for the immune system response, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and cardiovascular health. Additional research of the antioxidant capabilities and benefits of astaxanthin has shown that it also decreases eye strain, fatigue, increases visual acuity and protects sensitive structures within the eye from UV light.
Benfotiamine (Thiamine): Benfotiamine is a highly absorbable fat-soluble B vitamin that is a derivative of thiamine (vitamin B1). This was originally discovered in the 1950s by a Dr. Fujiwara in Japan. He was looking at garlic trying to find a long lasting form of vitamin B1 to help with nerve pain. Scientific clinical trials have indicated that benfotiamine is useful in vascular health, and nervous system function. It protects the cardiovascular and nervous system from free-radical damage and damage from advanced glycation end products which then protects the blood and nerve supply to the eye and retina. It also contributes to the nerves and nerve conditions such as retinopathy and contributes to prevention of other age related eye degeneration..
Bergamot (Citrus bergamia): The Bergamot orange is a member of the citrus family grown in Italy and France. Bergamot has a lemon like color, is slightly sweeter in taste then a lemon and is more bitter then a grapefruit. Traditionally this fruit has been utilized for its aromatic qualities in perfumes and essential oils rather than consumed directly as juice or fruit. Additionally it adds a unique flavor to the famous Earl Grey tea a favorite of English tea drinkers dating back to the 1800's. Currently the oil from the Bergamot peel is utilized in aromatherapy for depression and digestion. It is also an indigenous herbal remedy for malaria, is an important ingredient in many lotions and skin products added for its cooling and antiseptic properties. Bergamot extract contains several active bioflavonoids which can help support healthy cholesterol production in the liver. Additionally research indicates that these bioflavonoids have antioxidant and properties for blood vessel function and overall health. Research has also revealed that Bergamot extract can help to lower cholesterol, triglyceride levels, decrease blood glucose, and decrease blood pressure.
Black Currant (Ribes nigrum): Black currant is a shrub like plant that has fruit that is dark purple to black in color and is similar to a blueberry. Black currant has documented use back to the 18th century. It is a plant that is indigenous to Asia and Europe. These little fruits are thought to be a superb source of polyphenols that function as antioxidants. In addition they have a prominent source of vitamin C, B, other minerals and healthy fats. These benefits are thought to contribute to superior quality of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of black current. Research indicates that black current aids in overall circulation, eye health, eye fatigue and increases night vision capacity.
Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum): Blueberry extract is produced from the small blueberry fruit. Traditionally utilized by North American Natives, this fruit was originally called star fruit from the origin myth that this fruit was a gift from the stars. In addition to eating the berries Native Americans used the juice to treat coughs, and the leaves or roots for a wide variety of other ailments. Blueberries have been widely publicized for their high antioxidant capabilities. Blueberries are native to North America and although they are grown under cultivation all over the world, wild blueberries provide the highest antioxidant levels. In addition they also have anthrocyanin content which comes from their blue/purple pigment. The antioxidant capacity in blueberries has been shown to be more potent than 40 other fresh fruits and vegetables studied. Scientific studies have provided evidence that blueberries may help protect the brain from age-related memory loss (throught protection of the nervous system), improve anti-inflammatory response, blood pressure, cardiovascular risk factors, cell signaling, general brain function and blood flow.
Boron: Boron is a trace mineral necessary for vitamin D function. It is typically found dietary sources such as fresh fruits and vegetables. Soils that are boron deficient will produce fruits and vegetables that have a lower boron county. Fruits and vegetables convert boron from the soil into borates within the plant. These borates are always in the form of salts and are the easiest way for our bodies to absorb this mineral. Boron is an effective antioxidant thought to assist in joint health through the promotion of connective tissue health. Scientific research indicates that it has high anti-inflammatory capacity, helps to increase the calcium absorption through activating vitamin D, helps with joint pain, stiffness, and function.
Boswellia Serrata Resin (Boswellia serrata): Boswellia Serrata Resin Extract is an extract made from the resin of the Boswellia tree. Boswellia is a tree with large branches that is often used for frankincense in religious ceremonies and for aromatherapy purposes. The resin has long been utilized in Ayurvedic medicine for joint health. This Indian herb has been shown in clinical trials to help increase comfort in problem joints, balance leukotreines involved in the inflammatory response and helps with pain and physical function in the joints.
Bromelain (from pineapple): Bromelain is a nutrient that has been discovered to be an important component to healthy joints. Bromelain extracted from the stem of a pineapple is a proteolytic enzyme. In many cultures in Central and South America pineapple juice, leaves and roots were used as a topical anti-inflammatory for skin irritations, bug bites and sore muscles. Scientific trials have indicated that it helps to balance kinins that are involved in the inflammatory process, helps to breakdown fibrin, aids in digestion, decreases neutriphil migration to inflammation sites, and has analgesic properties.
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita): Chamomile is a flowering plant that is a member of the daisy family and is one of the most widely used herbs. Traditionally used in teas, chamomile has been used to calm nervousness and irritability, ease digestive disorders, diarrhea, insomnia, for calming teething and irritable children, inflammation, back pain and for menstrual cramps. The scientific community has indicated that not only does chamomile have anti-anxiety effects it has antioxidant properties beneficial for over health.
Chinese Skullcap Root: Chinese skullcap is an herb that is native to Eastern Asia. It has a long history of use in Traditional Chinese Medicine for the support of the immune and cardiovascular systems. It has also been used to help fight infections, inflammation, allergies, and to relieve headaches. Known by its Chinese name huángqín, it is considered one of 50 foundational herbs in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Research shows that it is beneficial in controlling inflammation activity, controlling nitric oxide levels, and histamine release in the body.
Chondroitin Sulfate: Chondroitin sulfate is a glycosaminoglycan which is a key building block for cartilage and joint fluid. Discovered through clinical research it is thought to help inhibit enzymes that break down cartilage and along with vitamin C helps to stabilize collagen (an incredibly strong flexible connective tissue). Often is combined with glucosamine to provide compression strength for joint cartilage. Research indicates that it promotes healthy bone and cartilage matrix. Other evidence shows that it may support various other connective tissues such as ligament tissue.
Cocoa (Theobroma cacao): Cocoa is a powder that comes from the cacao bean (which is actually a large pod) that is grown from Mexico to South America. Once used by the Aztecs as a sacred drink it was discovered by western society when the Conquistadors invaded the Aztec empire. This important antioxidant is frequently known in western cultures in the common form of chocolate. Cocoa supplies flavnoids, and alkaloids which are influential antioxidants and a mild stimulant. Research indicates that these support normal blood pressure, improves blood flow, contributes to a healthy inflammation response and helps to fight off artery plaque and atherosclerosis. Furthermore research has indicated that diets high in flavonoid rich foods have improved cognitive function and mental alertness. Investigation of this antioxidant has shown that the flavonoids within it supply the body with a tool to fight a variety of neurological diseases and avert a portion of the natural cognitive deterioration that comes with age.
Coenzyme Q10 (as ubiquinone): Coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10) is a fat soluble substance found in the body vital forconversion of food into ATP for cell energy use. Clinical trials have indicated that the production of CoQ10 declines with age and functions as an antioxidant to help protect heart health. When combined with garlic or garlic oil it is thought to further increase absorption and promote cardiovascular health. Additionally it is considered to be a vital antioxidant helping to protect the body from free radical damage. The high quantity of CoQ10 found in the heart muscle indicate that it supports heart vitality and strength. Research also shows that deficiencies in CoQ10 can affect muscle tissue, the heart and blood pressure levels
Cognisetin™: A patented form of Fisetin that is thought to protect neurological function. Fitsetin is a flavanol that works with antioxidants and is derived from plant pigments. It is often naturally found in apples, grapes, oranges, and tomatoes. This flavanol is a potent antioxidant that helps to activate proteins known as sirtuins that regulate genes and cells. It also has anti-inflammatory properties which help support longevity and overall health. Research indicates that fisetin helps to increase the level of glutathione within the cells and maintain cellular energy activity and production within the cell. It is thought to contribute to cognitive health by delaying cognitive and motor function decline, reduce the impact of neurodegenerative diseases, and maintain energy function in the cells in the presence of oxidative stress.
Copper (Copper glycinate): Copper is a mineral that is commonly known for utilization in kitchen supplies and in the form of money. However it is also a key mineral for health in that it plays a role in iron absorption, supports collagen integrity, helps many enzymes to function properly and is important to health eye function. It naturally occurs in foods such as oysters, shellfish, leafy green vegetables, nuts and legumes. Studies indicate that it is a necessary mineral for organ, brain, heart, bone and blood cell, and immune system health. Additionally there is evidence that copper and zinc provide the eye with balance and health.
Cordyceps (Cordyceps sinensis): Cordyceps is a mushroom that has been utilized for thousands of years in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Originally discovered in the high mountains of Tibet it was known to give energy to the animals that were herded there and was then utilized traditionally to provide energy, endurance and vitality to humans. It became very popular after its discovery in Traditional Chinese Medicine for athletes and those working long hard hours in the agricultural realm. Research indicates that it has healthy nutrients, including amino acids, minerals and vitamins, that it enhances blood circulation, immune system functioning and also increase sexual vitality. Additionally it is thought to improve exercise performance, and contribute to overall health and well being in older healthy populations.
Cranberry Seed Oil (Vaccinum macrocarpon): The tiny seeds of the cranberry fruit carry a stable and balanced array of important nutrients including vitamin E and healthy essential fatty acids. The oil from this fruit offers an ideal ratio of omega-3s to omega-6 fatty acids and a large quantity of omega-9s making it an idea vegetarian source of these fatty acids. Cranberries have been utilized for centuries for both its medicinal purposes and as a food. It was utilized by Native Americans for kidney problems and urinary issues. Early settlers from Europe utilized cranberries for various digestive ailments, blood disorders and appetite issues. Additionally early sailors utilized it to prevent scurvy. Cranberries are one of the most well known cures for Urinary tract infections. Research indicates that getting adequate levels of the essential fatty acids in cranberries can help promote cardiovascular health, maintain an appropriate inflammatory response and promote healthy brain function as well as providing important building blocks for cell membranes. Additionally cranberries have important antioxidant properties which provide the body with anti-inflammatory capacities.
Curcumin (Curcuma longa): Curcumin or Curcuma longa (commonly known as Turmeric) is closely related to ginger. This herb is traditionally utilized in cooking (especially in curries) and in the Ayurvedic healing tradition. Within this tradition it is often utilized for menstrual irregularities, menstrual cramps, gallstones, hepatitis, lowering blood sugar, promoting healthy blood circulation, digestion and is utilized externally for anti-inflammatory properties and to help with bruising or other injuries. This bright yellow colored powder also has antioxidant properties. Curcuma longa contains curcuminoids and is a highly concentrated antioxidant. Additionally it has anti-inflammatory effects, and anti-cancer properties. Other studies suggest that it has anti-viral properties, contributes to decreasing arthritis pain and may help cognitive diseases such as dementia. Finally research indicates that it may also help with other inflammatory disease and with common ailments such as allergies.
Dang Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza): An important flowering herb known as dang shen it has been utilized for centuries in Traditional Chinese Medicine. In China this herb is used in both teas and in liquid extract which is injected into acupuncture points to help heal inflicted areas for things such as abdominal distension, boils, erysipelas, rheumatism, itchiness and both excessive and blocked menstruation in women. In Traditional Chinese Medicine it has often been specifically utilized to help circulatory conditions and is helpful to the capillaries. It helps to support healthy cardiovascular function by helping to regulate healthy clotting function, scavenge free radicals and maintains healthy blood vessels through regulation of the inflammatory process. The research indicates that dang shen dilates arteries, increases blood flow, acts as an antioxidant, and improves heart function.
DHA (Squid Oil): DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid) is a biologically active form of omega-3 essential fatty acid. DHA occurs naturally in fish oil, squid, algae and breast milk. Additionally it is an important building block for nerve cell membranes and is critical in the development of eye and brain tissue. Generally this form of essential fatty acids is utilized in the body for building cells, protecting nerves and is a precursor of prostaglandins. Research indicates that the prostaglandins in omega-3s provides positive impact on the health of the cardiovascular system. Squid oil has a naturally higher occurrence of DHA then most fish oils. Furthermore squid oil is also considered to be a sustainable resource for these essential fatty acids. The research conducted in the scientific community has indicated that DHA has compelling health benefits including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, membrane building, energy storing, cell life cycle, and cardiovascular health.
Eleutherococcus Senticosus (Siberian ginseng): Eleutherococcus senticosus is an herb utilized for over 4,000 years in Traditional Chinese Medicine for insomnia, chronic lung disorders, bronchitis, lowering blood pressure, reducing cholesterol levels, treating arthritis, low blood oxygen, impotence and stress. Research has provided evidence that eleutherococcus senticosus allows the body to adapt and cope with stress (adaptogenic properties). Clinical trials have also shown that it helps reduce fatigue, boosts immune system function, contributes to a decrease in depression and increases the activity in the central nervous system. Additional research has shown that it allows for endurance in the body to be increased, it changes some metabolic functions and increases cardiovascular functions.
EPA (Squid Oil): EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid) is also a biologically active member of the omega-3 family. Generally this family of fatty acids is utilized in the body for building cells, protecting nerves and is a precursor of prostaglandins. Research indicates that the prostaglandins in omega-3s provide positive impact on the health of the cardiovascular system. The research conducted in the scientific community has indicated that EPA has compelling health benefits such antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, membrane building, energy storing, cell life cycle, and cardiovascular health.
Fisetin (Cognisetin™): Fitsetin is a flavonol that works with antioxidants and is derived from plant pigments. It occurs naturally in apples, grapes, oranges, and tomatoes. This flavonol is a potent antioxidant that helps to activate proteins known as sirtuins that regulate genes and cells. It also has anti-inflammatory properties which help support longevity and overall health. Research indicates that fisetin helps to increase the level of glutathione within the cells and maintain cellular energy activity and production within the cell. It is thought to contribute to cognitive health by delaying cognitive and motor function decline, reduce the impact of neurodegenerative diseases, and maintains energy function in the cells in the presence of oxidative stress.
Folic Acid (Vitamin B9): Folic acid is a common member of the vitamin B family and is also known as vitamin B9. The common food sources for this B vitamin include black eyed peas, oranges, whole grains, beans, fruits and green leafy vegetables. This B vitamin is thought to promote proper cell reproduction, maintain homocysteine levels, contribute to the production of red blood cells and prevent neural tube defects in the first 8 weeks of pregnancy. Research indicates that folic acid helps with brain and cardiovascular health, DNA synthesis, and neurotransmitter function. Additionally folic acid deficiencies have been associated with depression, dementia, neural tube defects in fetus's and vascular disease.
Gamma amino butyric acid (GABA): GABA works as a neurotransmitter that helps to calm the brain during times of over-stimulation and promotes healthy levels of brain activity. . Some evidence indicates that complex carbohydrates (such as those found in whole grains), citrus fruits and animal proteins may help to stimulate more GABA production in the body. It inhibits neurons from firing thereby slowing and calming brain activity. Scientific studies indicate that GABA is effective for reducing anxiety, improving the immune system response, and improving sleep quality.
Glucosamine Sulfate: Glucosamine sulfate is utilized by the body as a precursor to build glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) which is a significant component to cartilage and synovial fluid. Glucosamine is a derivative from crustacean shells such as lobsters and crab. This simple sugar is made in our bodies but we may not be making it fast enough. Studies indicate that glucosamine helps to rebuild cartilage, support normal cartilage function, inflammation, joint lubrication and promotes joint comfort.
Grape Seed: Grape Seed extract is an extract made from the seeds of grapes. Grapes have been utilized for thousands of years for medicinal as well as other purposes around the world. They were mentioned in the writings of Greek philosophers for their healing properties and were often consumed by Egyptian royalty for their therapeutic purposes. Current research indicates that grape seed extract is beneficial for capillary health in the cardio vascular system, eye high health, is high in antioxidants and helps to improve night vision.
Holy Basil (Ocimum tenuifloru): Holy basil leaf is also called tulsi and is kin to the basil that is often utilized in cooking. This type of basil has been utilized in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. This relative to culinary basil is thought to work as an adaptogen helping the body to adapt to stress and promote relaxation. Holy basil is native to many areas especially Asia and is thought to reduce cortisol. Research indicates that it also offers mild anti-inflammatory properties and relieves some pain related to this.
Hops Strobile: Hops extract comes from dried hops which is commonly utilized in the production of beer and is a flower cluster shaped like a pine cone. This plant has been cultivated for centuries in Europe and Asia while being utilized for mild pain reduction, as a relaxant, and sleep aid. Research indicates that hops is most effective in this capacity when combined with other herbs such as lemon balm or valerian and is thought to promote sound sleep.
Hydrolyzed Milk Protein: Hydrolyzed milk protein is a protein derived from milk called tryptic hydrolysate and has been shown to have calming, and anti-stress capacities. Although this is a milk protein it is considered to be non-allergenic because the lactose is largely removed in the processing of hydrolyzed milk protein. Research indicates that it improves sleep quality and efficiency and anti-stress properties.
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Krill Oil: Krill oil comes from a small sea animal called Krill which is similar to a shrimp and can only be found in the Antarctic Ocean. It offers imperative omega-3 fatty acids that differ from those found in fish oil. The harvesting of Krill is considered to be more sustainable then the harvesting of the fish utilized to acquire fish oil. It is important to note here that most Krill is harvested as krill meal to feed farm raised salmon and only about 3% is utilized for the production of Krill Oil. Additionally in June of 2011 Aker was certified sustainable by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). The Marine Stewardship Council is a non-profit organization that is known as one of the foremost certifiers of marine fisheries' sustainability. Not only are Krill naturally more potent in omega-3s than fish oil they are also a good source of Astaxanthin, a compelling antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Research shows not only that the omega-3s in Krill oil are comparable to those in fish oil but that they are in a phospholipid form that is similar to the lipids found in our own cell membranes making it easy for our bodies to absorb them.
L-carnosine: L-carnosine is an amino acid that is available through dietary sources and is a blend of Histidine and Alanine. . It can be found in meat, poultry, fish, eggs and cheese. It is thought to decrease as we grow older with negative effects on our health and longevity. It is most abundant in heart, brain, muscle and nervous tissue and has advantageous antioxidant competence. Scientific trials have denoted that L-carnosine supports heart health, neurotransmitter function, reduces diabetes, inflammation, may help vitality, detoxify metallic oxidation, and it is highly beneficial for oxidative stress.
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis): Lemon balm is an herb that is a relative of the mint family. This herb has been utilized since the time of the Greek and is native to England and southern Europe. The lemon balm plant is white and fragrant like lemons and is thought to provide mild sedation. The flavonoids in lemon balm are a useful antioxidant and contribute to overall health. Scientific research indicates that when utilized with valerian root it has been shown to help support normal sleep and relaxation. Additionally it thought to reduce anxiety, irritability, and provide a calming effect.
L-Taurine (Taurine): L-taurine commonly know and Taurine is a derivative of the amino acid cysteine. Common food sources of L-taurine include meats, fish, seafood and eggs. It is an important component to many tissues, nerves, muscles and retinal tissue. This incomplete amino acid is thought to have antioxidant and detoxifying capabilities as well as regulating minerals in the body. Scientific research indicates that it is found in high concentrations in the eyes and may play a role in retinal health and function. Additionally it is thought not only to help brain, and retinal tissues but also contributes to heart and cardiovascular health.
L-Theanine: L-theanine is a well known amino acid found in tea leaves and therefore in brewed tea. The most common source of this amino acid is green tea which has been utilized in Asia for centuries. L-theanine is thought to offer a mild calming effect for stress without causing drowsiness or sleepiness. Additionally research indicates that it offers neuroprotection, cognitive enhancement, and has anti-stress effects.
Lutein (Marigold Flower Extract): Lutein is a yellow pigment that is extracted from the marigold flower. Marigold flowers are often used as a decorative flower in gardens. They can also be utilized in teas. Traditional healers in Asia have been utilizing marigolds for centuries for stomach cramps, indigestion, insomnia, antibiotic properties, burns, wounds that wouldn't heal properly, skin irritations, bruises etc, snakebites, and as a wart remover. Farmers often plant marigolds with other plants because traditionally it was utilized to repel harmful insects from vegetable gardens. Lutein is naturally occurring in several foods including green vegetables (such as spinach, kale, broccoli and peas, carrots, corn and egg yolks. This antioxidant is a member of the carotenoid family which include carrots and pumpkins. Pigments such as lutein scavenge free radicals and provide protection from high energy sunlight. This trait is thought to be the reason why lutein protects the eyes. Studies indicate that lutein is associated with eye health and helps with reducing eye degeneration. It is found in high concentrations in the macula of the retina which is the area responsible for fine focus and central vision.
Lycopene: A red pigmented carotenoid which is found in foods such as tomatoes, strawberries, and watermelon. It is a potent fat-soluble antioxidant that helps maintain healthy cell growth. This free radical fighting agent helps to maintain the cardiovascular system including blood pressure levels and artery health. The most well known source for lycopene supplements are tomatoes and tomato based products. Studies show that lycopene is naturally concentrated in the prostate and has been shown to help prevent LDL cholesterol oxidation and possibly prevent atherosclerosis.
Magnesium: A natural occurring mineral that is critical to our bodies in several ways. Common food sources of magnesium include soybeans, legumes, seeds, nuts, whole grains, green leafy vegetables, pumpkin, nuts, spinach, and fish. It is key in several metabolic reactions and physical response such as energy production, protein formation, and nerve and muscle function. Scientific research indicates that it helps relax muscles, is important to cardio vascular health, bone health, nerve impulse transmission, calcium metabolism and plays a role in mood and sleep regulation.
Marigold Flower (Calendula officinalis): Marigold flower extract comes from the family of flowers known as Tagetes. Marigolds have traditionally utilized for farming and their medicinal properties. In farming and gardening they are often utilized to attract bugs that are healthy to a garden and to keep pests out. Medicinally they have been utilized for centuries in various cultures for headaches, toothaches, swelling, and to strength the heart. During the first world war and even dating back to the Civil War marigolds were utilized to treat wounds. These flowers contain important compounds in the form of the yellow pigment that is in them. These vital nutrients called lutein and zeaxanthin are part of the carotenoid family and they have high antioxidant capacities. The antioxidants in this extract scavenge free radicals, protect from sunlight, reduce eye degeneration, and are thought to protect the health of the macula. The macula of the eye is an orange spot in the back of the eye and it contains two carotenoids which are lutein and zeaxanthin.
Melatonin: A hormone that the human body naturally makes in the pineal gland. It is utilized in the body to help regulate our sleep and wake cycles. It naturally occurs in some foods such as grapes, herbs and olive oil, however these food sources do not raise melatonin levels in the blood. Additionally melatonin is made from an amino acid called tryptophan which people commonly associate with eating turkey at thanksgiving. In humans the production of melatonin declines with age. Secretion of melatonin increases in response to darkness and helps move our bodies towards sleep. Melatonin also functions as an antioxidant and may promote healthy immune function.
Methylsufonylmethane (MSM): A form of organic sulfur that is naturally occurring. Sulfur is the fourth most abundant mineral found in all living organisms It is commonly found in small amounts in a variety of fresh fruits, vegetables, milk seafood, meat, tea, coffee, and chocolate and is also found naturally in the body. Sulfur has several roles in the body including metabolic reactions, maintenance of the structure of cell walls, synthesis of collagen, creation of connective tissue, and the formation of keratin. Scientific data has indicated that MSM could provide support for joint health, joint inflammation, chronic pain and arthritis.
N-acetylcysteine(NAC): This antioxidant is a derivative of L-cysteine that is recognized for having high absorption capacities and is antioxidant aptitude. This antioxidant is found in proteins such as meat, eggs, milk, vegetables that include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, onions and beans. Research suggests that NAC also reinforces the immune system, sustains a healthy heart, respiratory function, and manages inflammation. Furthermore it helps to maintain appropriate levels of homocysteine (which helps with cardiovascular health) and improves muscle deterioration.
Nattokinase: An enzyme (a protein that speeds up a biochemical reactions) that is extracted from a popular Japanese food called natto. Natto is boiled soybeans that have been fermented with a bacterium called Bacillus natto. Natto has been used as a folk remedy for promoting health of the cardiovascular system for hundreds of years. Nattokinase, the chemical in natto that is probably responsible for its effects, has been shown to promote healthy clotting function, thereby protecting healthy blood flow. Nattokinase is not found in soy foods other than natto, since nattokinase is produced through the specific fermentation process used to make natto.
Niacin: A form of vitamin B3 it is critical in the production of energy within each cell and important to proper nervous system function. Common food sources of B3 vitamins are lean meats, fish, vegetables, beans and almonds. Niacin is often converted internally in the human body in to niacinamide. B3 vitamins have been found to help regulate energy transfer from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats into blood sugar for use in the body. Scientific evidence indicates that a higher intake of niacin can lead to a slower cognitive decline and better overall cognitive function.
Niacinamide: Niacinamide is a form of niacin a B3 vitamin that is produced naturally in the body from the conversion of niacin into niacinamide. . Common food sources of B3 vitamins are lean meats, fish, vegetables, beans and almonds. It has been found to be critical in the production of energy within each cell and important to proper nervous system function. Additionally niacinamide is a powerful anti-inflammatory and can be found to help skin inflammation such as acne. B3 vitamins have been found to help regulate energy transfer from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats into blood sugar for use in the body. Scientific evidence indicates that a higher intake of niacinamide leads to slower cognitive decline and better overall cognitive function.
Omega-3: An essential unsaturated fatty acid that you must get through your diet. Omega's can be found in squid oil, krill oil, sea buckthorn seed oil, pomegranate seed oil, cranberry seed oil and other fish oils. These type of fatty acids are vital for normal metabolism in the human body but are not produced by the body. Research in recent years has indicated that they are beneficial in helping with symptoms of many chronic illnesses. Omega-3s have been shown to support the cardio vascular system, brain function, important for growth and development, reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, support immune function and help to regulate normal inflammatory factors in the body.
Omega-6: An essential unsaturated fatty acid that you must get through your diet. Omega's can be found in squid oil, krill oil, sea buckthorn seed oil, pomegranate seed oil, cranberry seed oil and other fish oils. These type of fatty acids are vital for normal metabolism in the human body but are not produced by the body. Omega-6 fatty acids are important for growth development and brain function. Research shows that they help to maintain bone health, support the reproductive system, sustain metabolism, and stimulate skin and hair growth.
Omega-7: A non-essential fatty acid that is a healthy form of trans fat. They are commonly found in dairy products with fat in them (2 percent fat milk or over) such as milk, cheese and yogurt. Vegetarian sources for omega-7s include Sea buckthorn and Macadamia nuts. Research indicates that Omega 7s help with inflammatory factors in the body, lower LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides.
Omega-9: The most abundant of the fatty acids this is a non-essential fatty acid. This is due to the body's capacity to produce a limited amount of it. Excellent sources of Omega-9s are olive oil, peanut oil, safflower and sunflower oils, avocados, peanut butter, and other nuts and seeds. It is very abundant in nature and in our diets. Research has shown that Omega 9s play key roles in a healthy inflammatory response and that they help to lower cholesterol.
Panax Ginseng: Often called Oriental, Chinese, Asian or Korean ginseng and the extracts are made from a 4-6 year old root. This root has been utilized for generations in Traditional Chinese Medicine and has been valued due to its adaptogenic properties. Studies have indicated that it also supports alertness, enhances sex drive, enhances immune system function, liver function, helps with fatigue and stress, contributes to healthy blood level functions and maintains mental performance.
Phosphatidylserine Complex: Phosphatidylserine (PS) is a phospholipid fatty acid that can be found in brain cells. Phospholipids are vital to the body because they make up the cell membrane in cells. Food sources of this are found in organ meats such as the liver and in small amounts in dairy products and vegetables. Phosphatidylserine supplements have been found to provide healthy brain functioning and are often derived from soybeans. Research has indicated that Phosphatidylserine improves neurotransmitter and cellular communication in the body. Additionally it provides support for mental focus, memory and stress management, is believed to have possible contribution to reversing neurochemical damage caused by disease and age, and improve memory function.
Pomegranate seed oil (Puncia granatum): Pomegranates are a popular fruit often grown in California in the United States. As a very ancient fruit it was originally grown in India and the Middle East. Many enjoy pomegranate as the fruit, in juices or in other forms. The oil from these seeds offers an antioxidant that's potency capacity lies in its high polyphenol content. These seeds are also well known for their richness in conjugated fatty acids. Research indicates that this oil has numerous health benefits including contributing to overall cardiovascular health and helping with diabetes risk.
Potassium: a bioavailable mineral key to many body functions. Foods with high quantities of potassium include avocados, cantaloupe, apricots, bananas, starchy vegetables such as potatoes, carrots and squash, as well as fish, yogurt and meats. Potassium is involved with maintaining fluid balance especially in key electrolyte quantities, nerve and muscle activity, brain-oxygen levels, metabolism, blood pressure and healthy heart beat. Research indicates that potassium is involved in glucose metabolism, protein synthesis and helps the body to produce energy through easing metabolic pathways.
Quercetin: Quercetin is an abundant plant-based flavonoid that is considered to be a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. It is found naturally in several fruits, including citrus fruits, red grapes, apples, raspberries, and tomatoes. Additionally, it is found in vegetables such as broccoli, leafy greens, and onions, as well as both green and black tea. Quercetin is thought to be useful in preventing lipid pre-oxidation, contributing to capillary blood flow, and enhancing the capacity of vitamin C in the body. Research indicates that it exerts protective effects on the cardiovascular system, protects the integrity of capillaries, improves energy and endurance, and wards off free radical damage.
Reishi: Reishi is an extract from a Japanese mushroom. It is hard, woody, and has a bitter taste. It is known to be one of the oldest mushrooms utilized for medicinal purposes, and has been called the "mushroom of immortality."
The Reishi mushroom has highly active antioxidants and has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to promote healing and health cell formation, as well as combat inflammation, balance glucose levels, increase immune system support, support cardiovascular health, and improve liver function. Research also supports Reishi's benefits for sleep and atherosclerosis and has shown it to be an effective with many other health concerns.
Resveratrol: Resveratrol is a potent antioxidant that has made headlines over the last few years for its anti-aging properties. It is found in the skins of red grapes and red wine, as well as many other foods including peanuts and berries. Studies indicate that resveratrol can regulate the inflammatory response and promote healthy blood sugar levels. Additionally, it promotes cellular health and its antioxidant properties have been linked to cardiovascular health. Recent research has indicated that resveratrol activates SIRTUIN (SIRT1), a protein involved in regulating cells and genes. Many researchers point to the resveratrol in red wine as the key to the "French Paradox"—the fact that despite a lifestyle of higher fat and more smoking, the French population has less heart disease overall. However to get an adequate amount of reveratrol you would need to drink around 20 glasses of red wine daily. A common source for resveratrol in supplements is Japanese knotweed, also known as polygonum cuspidatum.
Rhodiola Rosea (Rhodiola rosea): This herb is commonly known as golden root and is grown in cold and mountainous climates, including Eastern Siberia and the Rocky Mountains. It has been utilized in Russia throughout history to promote energy and athletic performance. Additionally, it is thought to help you adapt to stressful situations. Research indicates that it is beneficial in increasing energy and vitality and helps to stabilize mood and focus. Furthermore research showed that Rhodiola increases the brain's ability to concentrate, decreases cortisol levels, promotes healthy thyroid function, and increases our ability to do physical work.
Rutin: Rutin is a bioflavonoid plant pigment found in certain fruits and vegetables, including citrus fruits, apricots, grapes, peaches, plums, blueberries, apples and cherries, as well as buckwheat. Our bodies do not make bioflavonoids; therefore, we need to supply the body with it through our diet or supplements. Studies indicates that rutin is a potent antioxidant that helps to neutralize destructive free radicals, improve inflammation and circulation, promote comfort and ease of movement in the joints, strengthens vessel and capillary walls, and helps the body absorb vitamin C effectively.
Sea Buckthorn Oil (Hippophae rhamnoides): The buckthorn fruit is native to Europe and Asia. It's Latin name means the "shining horse," because it was noticed that when given to horses, it made their coats shine and improved their health. Sea buckthorn seeds are high in essential fatty acids, and have been utilized in Traditional Chinese Medicine for over a thousand years. In recent times, the sea buckthorn bush is planted in China to help with the conservation of natural resources such as water and soil. The berries are high in essential fatty acids and also contain vitamins A, C, and E, as well as important flavnoids. Research has indicated that these berries support healthy liver function, reduce inflammation, and decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus Senticosus): Siberian ginseng is an herb that has been intregral to Chinese medicine for more than 4,000 years in the treatment of insomnia, chronic lung disorders, bronchitis, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, arthritis, low blood oxygen, impotence, and stress. The active components of Siberian ginseng are eleutherosides, and as such, it is often referred to as eleuthro ginseng. Research has shown that Siberian ginseng provides the body with the ability to adapt and cope with stress (adaptogenic properties). Additional studies demonstrate anti-stress and fatigue properties, as well as benefits for boosting immune system function, easing depression, increasing central nervous system activity, improving endurance, increasing certain metabolic functions, and improving cardiovascular functions.
Taurine: Taurine, also known as L-taurine. is a derivative of the amino acid L-cysteine. Common food sources of taurine include meats, fish, seafood, and eggs. It is an important component of many tissues, nerves, muscles, and retinal tissue. Taurine is thought to have antioxidant and detoxifying capabilities, as well as regulating minerals in the body. Scientific research indicates that it is found in high concentrations in the eyes and may play a role in retinal health and function. Additionally, it is thought to contribute to heart and cardiovascular health.
Tocopherols: Tocopherols consist of D-gamma, D-alpha, and other tocopherols, all of which are naturally occurring forms of vitamin E. Common food sources of vitamin E include polyunsaturated vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, olives, whole grains, and some green vegetables. However, the cooking and processing of these foods may reduce their vitamin E content. The vitamin E family are all fat-soluble and are critical to human nutrition. They have vital antioxidant capacities and help to protect the cells from oxidation and free radical damage. These vitamins contribute to proper reproductive function, are important to artery health and function, and are vital to immune system response. Tocopherols are the most common supplement form of vitamin E, though research has indicated that tocotrienols are a more complete form of vitamin E and have a higher capacity for effectiveness.
Tocotrienols: Tocotrienols are part of the vitamin E family. Common food sources of vitamin E include polyunsaturated vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, olives, whole grains, and some green vegetables. However, the cooking and processing of these foods may reduce their vitamin E content. Tocotrienols are most common to palm oil, which yields the gamma, alpha, delta, and beta forms of tocotrienols.
The vitamin E family are all fat-soluble and are critical to human nutrition. They have vital antioxidant capacities and help to protect cell membranes and cellular DNA from oxidation and free radical damage. These vitamins contribute to proper reproductive function, are important to artery health and function, and are vital to immune system response. While tocopherols are the most common form of vitamin E used in supplements and have received a large amount of press in the last few years, recent research has indicated that tocotrienols are a more complete form of vitamin E and have a higher capacity for effectiveness. Additionally studies indicate that vitamin E (especially the tocotrienol form) supports healthy cholesterol levels, heart function, protects against free radical damage, and helps protect the cardiovascular system from heart disease and artery degradation, and may be effective in regulating cholesterol levels.
Trypsin: Trypsin is a digestive enzyme that is secreted by the pancreas to aid in protein and amino acid digestion. When this enzyme is combined with bromelain and rutin, it can help promote healthy healing and joint comfort. Research indicates that trypsin may serve to break down and remove injured tissues.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa): Turmeric is a plant that is closely related to ginger. Its active ingredient is curcumin and is found in curry, a spice traditionally used Indian food.This bright yellow powder has potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. It has a long history in the Ayurvedic healing tradition, and is often used for treating menstrual irregularities, menstrual cramps, gallstones, and hepatitis. It is also useful for lowering blood sugar, promoting healthy blood circulation, improving digestion. Additionally, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties, turmeric can be used externally to help with bruising or other injuries. Additional studies suggest that it has anti-viral benefits, contributes to helping arthritis, and may help cognitive diseases such as dementia, while also helping with common ailments such as allergies.
Valerian Root (Valeriana officinalis): Valerian is a flowering plant native to Europe and Asia. The root is the portion of the plant that is utilized and has active compounds such as valeric acid, which is thought to be beneficial for sleep. In fact, it gas been utilized since Greek and Roman times for this purpose.Research indicates that in addition to being helpful with regulating sleep cycles, valerian has also been shown to calm the nervous system, promote relaxation, and help with stress and anxiety. It has potential antioxidant capacities and is most effective when utilized with other herbs.
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